Shouli Li is a quantitative ecologist. She integrates empirical data and theory with mathematical and computational models to predict the responses of plant populations to environmental changes, as well as to provide support for decision-making in ecological restoration, biodiversity conservation, invasive species management and optimal control of infectious disease.
She systematically studies the key population dynamic processes underling grassland restoration, which provide the in-depth ecological understanding essential for the sustainable management of grasslands. She is a founding member of Tibet Qiangtang Ecological Research Station (4,750 m). She has established several permanent research platforms to conduct long-term ecological researches under climate change in the cold and dry regions in China, including 1) long-term warming and precipitation controlling experimental system on Tibetan Plateau to examine the responses of dominant alpine plant species to climate warming and precipitation changing; 2) long-term study plots to monitor the population dynamics of dominant alpine plants along elevation gradients on Tibetan Plateau; 3) long-term precipitation platforms to study how plants in desertified sandland respond to changes in precipitation; 4）long-term nitrogen addition experiments on Tibetan Plateau and Inner-Mongolia grasslands. These research platforms provide an excellent opportunity for international collaborative projects.